•June 27, 2016 • 3 Comments
Let’s riff again on that Berge tangle. The three-fold symmetry of the tangle in about one arc allows the three fillings to be equivalent.
If we double the tangle with the red filling (that is, glue it to its reflection across the outer sphere) we obtain the two component unlink.
Getting the unlink from doubling is due to these filled tangles being rational tangles, but nevermind that for now. Instead, ponder this curiosity. Let’s keep the mirrored red filling up top and compare the blue and green down below.
They’re the same except the small change between the blue and green filling. (Taken together, the blue and green arcs bound a twisted rectangle, a “band”). But they’re even closer in another way. Mirror, then rotate:
Mirror the blue guy across the horizontal plane, then rotate about the central vertical axis by a third. And now it’s the same as the green guy.
This generalizes quite nicely.
Continue reading ‘Reflective bandings’
•April 25, 2014 • 4 Comments
Back in September I participated in a local Pecha Kucha event on the topic of 3D printing. Of course I talked about interactions of mathematics and 3D printing. The video (well, slides+audio) is now online.
I’d brought along some of the models of mine and others that I’d printed. As you may pick up from the audio, I was tossing them out into the audience. It was all fun and games until someone lost an eye. (The one from that last post has pointy corners.)
My sincerest apologies if I either misrepresented, misattributed, or didn’t mention someone’s work. I don’t have complete knowledge of this blooming field and surely got some things wrong and overlooked some other things. So by all means, please contribute corrections, updates, or further information in the comments.
Continue reading ‘Mathematics with 3D Printing’
•December 20, 2013 • 8 Comments
My how time flies…
The join of two topological spaces and is basically the space of all line segments between every pair of points. As a nice embedded, visceral example of this, a tetrahedron may be viewed as the join of two skew line segments.
Indeed this is the illustration on Wikipedia.
It also arises naturally when you think about grid diagrams of knots. Remember this from way back?
Thinking along those lines, you might consider discretizing it a bit… Instead of taking the join of two entire segments, just take the join of points along each segment.
Here I’ve used . And that gives us the complete bipartite graph naturally embedded as a subset of the tetrahedron. Moreover, any grid number knot is a cycle in this particular embedding of the graph.
Continue reading ‘Joining two segments’
•April 26, 2013 • 2 Comments
The preprint Band Surgeries and Crossing Changes between Fibered Links by Buck-Ishihara-Rathbun-Shimokawa caught my eye this morning. They describe a describe a generalization of the plumbing of a Hopf band. Like Hopf plumbing, this operation preserves fiberedness. But unlike Hopf plumbing which occurs in a neighborhood of a disk, it is non-local occurring in a neighborhood of an annulus.
I thought I’d show the product disk associated to the band. This lets one verify the persistence of fiberedness and work out the resulting monodromy (which I haven’t done myself yet).
Continue reading ‘A Generalized Banding’
•November 2, 2012 • 1 Comment
Here’s a sequence of images I drew for a talk I gave about a month ago. I reckon there isn’t much more to say that’s not in the images. Hit flickr for larger versions.
Continue reading ‘Twisting with Surgery’
•August 24, 2012 • 3 Comments
That’s the exterior of the trefoil. No, really. I mean, well, it’s a torus embedded as the boundary of the exterior of a trefoil.
Okay, so it’s not how you’d probably choose to draw it. It’s not how I’d first choose to draw it either. Let’s see how I came to it.
Think about the space around the trefoil. The thing’s hollow — it goes on (round and round) forever — and — oh my God
— it’s full of surfaces! (That was terrible. My sincere apologies to Clarke.)
Continue reading ‘It’s full of surfaces!’
•February 1, 2012 • 3 Comments
These two links have homeomorphic exteriors.
They’re both strongly invertible. Let’s quotient the first link by its strong inversion to get a tangle. Then we’ll isotop that tangle around and eventually take its double branched cover to get the second.
Notice that this homeomorphism swaps the red and blue meridians and longitudes.