Reflective bandings

•June 27, 2016 • 3 Comments

Let’s riff again on that Berge tangle.  The three-fold symmetry of the tangle in S^2 \times I about one arc allows the three fillings to be equivalent.

BTsymm

If we double the tangle with the red filling (that is, glue it to its reflection across the outer sphere) we obtain the two component unlink.

BT3XR BT3RR BT3RX

Getting the unlink from doubling is due to these filled tangles being rational tangles, but nevermind that for now. Instead, ponder this curiosity. Let’s keep the mirrored red filling up top and compare the blue and green down below.

BT3RB BT3RG

They’re the same except the small change between the blue and green filling.  (Taken together, the blue and green arcs bound a twisted rectangle, a “band”).  But they’re even closer in another way.  Mirror, then rotate:

BT3RBmirror BT3RBmirrorrotate
Mirror the blue guy across the horizontal plane, then rotate about the central vertical axis by a third.  And now it’s the same as the green guy.

This generalizes quite nicely.
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Mathematics with 3D Printing

•April 25, 2014 • 3 Comments

Back in September I participated in a local Pecha Kucha event on the topic of 3D printing.  Of course I talked about interactions of mathematics and 3D printing.   The video (well, slides+audio) is now online.

PechaKucha-Baker_Page_01

I’d brought along some of the models of mine and others that I’d printed.  As you may pick up from the audio, I was tossing them out into the audience.  It was all fun and games until someone lost an eye. (The one from that last post has pointy corners.)

My sincerest apologies if I either misrepresented, misattributed, or didn’t mention someone’s work.  I don’t have complete knowledge of this blooming field and surely got some things wrong and overlooked some other things.   So by all means, please contribute corrections, updates, or further information in the comments.

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Joining two segments

•December 20, 2013 • 8 Comments

My how time flies…

The join of two topological spaces A and B is basically the space of all line segments between every pair of points.  As a nice embedded, visceral example of this, a tetrahedron may be viewed as the join of two skew line segments.

Indeed this is the illustration on Wikipedia.

It also arises naturally when you think about grid diagrams of knots.  Remember this from way back?

Side Trefoil Tetra Torus

Thinking along those lines, you might consider discretizing it a bit…  Instead of taking the join of two entire segments, just take the join of n points along each segment.

Tetrahedron Join

Here I’ve used n=7.   And that gives us the complete bipartite graph K_{7,7} naturally embedded as a subset of the tetrahedron.  Moreover, any grid number 7 knot is a cycle in this particular embedding of the graph.

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A Generalized Banding

•April 26, 2013 • 2 Comments

The preprint Band Surgeries and Crossing Changes between Fibered Links by Buck-Ishihara-Rathbun-Shimokawa caught my eye this morning. They describe a describe a generalization of the plumbing of a Hopf band. Like Hopf plumbing, this operation preserves fiberedness. But unlike Hopf plumbing which occurs in a neighborhood of a disk, it is non-local occurring in a neighborhood of an annulus.

I thought I’d show the product disk associated to the band. This lets one verify the persistence of fiberedness and work out the resulting monodromy (which I haven’t done myself yet).

banddiskcurves

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Twisting with Surgery

•November 2, 2012 • 1 Comment

TwistsAlongDiscAnnulus-06

Here’s a sequence of images I drew for a talk I gave about a month ago. I reckon there isn’t much more to say that’s not in the images. Hit flickr for larger versions.

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It’s full of surfaces!

•August 24, 2012 • 3 Comments

TrefoilFibrationSolid

That’s the exterior of the trefoil.   No, really.  I mean, well, it’s a torus embedded as the boundary of the exterior of a trefoil.

Okay, so it’s not how you’d probably choose to draw it.  It’s not how I’d first choose to draw it either.  Let’s see how I came to it.

Think about the space around the trefoil.  The thing’s hollow — it goes on (round and round) forever — and — oh my God

TrefoilFibrationSolidFull

it’s full of surfaces!   (That was terrible. My sincere apologies to Clarke.)

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Chains and Tangles

•February 1, 2012 • 3 Comments

These two links have homeomorphic exteriors.

chaintangles001 chaintangles002

They’re both strongly invertible. Let’s quotient the first link by its strong inversion to get a tangle. Then we’ll isotop that tangle around and eventually take its double branched cover to get the second.

chaintangles01

chaintangles02-1

chaintangles02

chaintangles03

chaintangles04

chaintangles05

chaintangles06

chaintangles07

chaintanglesA

chaintanglesB

chaintangles08

chaintangles09

chaintangles10

chaintangles11

chaintangles12

chaintangles13

chaintangles14

chaintangles15-1

chaintangles15

chaintangles16

Notice that this homeomorphism swaps the red and blue meridians and longitudes.

 
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